Kidney Disease and Various Treatments

Kidney is one the most important part of a human body because it purifies the body and the blood from the toxic chemicals which are generated during the metabolic activity in our body. It is made up of microscopic fibers which are called as nephrons which are in millions. They are usually present in pairs. If there is any problem in the kidney of a person he is not able to leave a simple life. There are various types of disorders related with nephrons. Nephropathy is the name for the kidney disease or disorder it is also referred by the name nephrosis.

The disorders occur due to the various reasons such as prolong administration of analgesic, lead, calcium and other salts. Sometimes these conditions are also caused by the diabetes mellitus and hypertension or high blood pressure. These Conditions were first observed and discovered by the Clifford Wilson and American Paul Kimmelstiel. These ailments don’t show up the symptoms in the initial stages of the onset they are usually detected are 3 or 4 years when the kidney damaging process has already started. There are various signs and symptoms which need to be taken care of so that the ailment is diagnosed in the earlier stages of the onset itself and the damage can be prevented. The symptoms are edema (swelling in some parts of body), unusual weight gain. Foam appearance in urine, nausea, vomiting, general illness, fatigue, itching, anorexia and headache.

If these symptoms persist for a longer duration then the person must a physician and if he says there is problem then it’s a time to see the urologist for the treatment. The diagnosis of the kidney disease begins with microalbuminuria test, Urine analysis or urine test if there is any doubt over the ailment then a Biopsy is conducted and where the exacted result shows up whether a person is suffering or not. If a person is suffering from the disorder then the kidney disease treatment begins for the curing the disease. The main aim of the treatment is usually to slowdown the damage of the kidney. Usually diabetes and the high blood pressure damages the kidney most hence diet pattern of the patients must be changed according to the treatment and exercise is advisable which has to be moderate not an excessive one. During the treatment the person must avoid self medication and should be stress free which will help in lowering the hypertension. If the condition has worsen and leads to the failure of the kidney then there are only two options available one is kidney dialysis and kidney transplant. Dialysis is a long term process which needs to taken once or twice in a week or should be continued till the person does not gets the donor for the kidney transplant.

A patient with stage 3 kidney disease suffers from moderate kidney damage. As kidney functions decline, waste products will build up in the blood which will cause a condition that’s referred to as uremia. During stage 3 a person will be more likely to develop such complications as anemia, bone disease and high blood pressure.

Stage 3 Kidney Disease Lifestyle Changes

During stage 3 kidney disease a patient may experience symptoms such as fluid retention and swelling of the extremities, urination changes, kidney pain that is felt in the back, problems sleeping at night due to restless legs and muscle cramps and changes in urination. As stage 3 progresses, a patient should see a specialist. A doctor who specializes in treating kidney disease is known as a nephrologist. A nephrologist performs tests in order to obtain information about the patient’s condition so that they can determine the best advice for treatment. The specialist’s goal is to help a patient to keep their kidneys functioning as long as possible.

During stage three the patient will also be referred to a dietitian. Because diet is an important part of treatment, the dietitian will review a person’s lab work and will recommend meal plans that are designed to meet the patient’s needs. Eating an appropriate diet will help to preserve kidney function and the patient’s overall health. This type of diet will usually consist of eating high quality protein and potassium. A renal diet will also involve consuming a healthy serving of fruits, veggies and grains that contain phosphorus and potassium at normal levels. Limiting the amount of phosphorus you consume in order to keep levels normal and prevent bone disease will also be crucial. It will be beneficial to work with a renal dietitian because as the stages of this disease change so will the patient’s dietary needs.

Many people who develop this disease will have high blood pressure or diabetes. By keeping the glucose level well managed and maintaining a healthy blood pressure, this will work to preserve kidney function. Both of these conditions will require close blood pressure monitoring. Studies have shown that certain blood pressure medications can help to slow the progression of this disease, even in people with diabetes who do not have any blood pressure issues. Patients should speak with their doctors about their medication options and take them exactly as prescribed.

Kidney Disease: Prolonging Your Life

In addition to taking prescribed medication and eating right, exercising regularly and not smoking will also be beneficial to prolonging kidney function. A patient should speak to their physician regarding an exercise regimen. Currently, there is not cure for kidney disease, but it is possible to slow the progression. In many cases, making significant lifestyle changes can help to keep a person healthier, longer.

Diabetes kidney disease is normally rare, and diabetes itself is not a direct disease. It is a retrograde functioning of the body which occurs due to low secretion of insulin (type 1) or due to  ineffective insulin (type 2) produced by the pancreas. Diabetes and kidney disease are closely related. Insulin is a hormone that helps glucose floating in the blood to enter the blood cells. With the entry of the glucose into the cells, it is converted into energy needed for the body. If there is no insulin secretion, or if it is not working what it should, the glucose keeps on circulating in the blood stream.

Prolonged excess blood glucose can result in many complications as the blood vessels are affected all over the body. Such a condition damages not only the kidneys, but even eyes and heart. Neuropathy, retinopathy, and cardiovascular disease are also other complications that affect many organs of the body. Consequently, the diabetes patient is at the mercy of medicines including daily injection of insulin. If one or both the kidneys are affected, it is a lamentable diabetes kidney disease. If the damaged condition becomes chronic, a surgery for transplant may be urgently needed.

Kidneys contain millions of tiny filters called nephrons. These nephrons have even smaller vessels with them. They are destroyed badly over time, when the glucose levels are too high. The result is the failure of the kidneys, and the waste that should be excreted remains in the blood itself causing rigorous problems. Timely controlling of blood glucose levels reduces and prevents these complications. Checking blood sugar frequently is a good way to achieve this kind of control.

Symptoms of kidney disease:

High blood pressure can be recognized as an early symptom of kidney disease, deteriorating the proper function of kidneys. So, keeping normal blood pressure is essential. Here are two more  connected symptoms with diabetes.

1. Increase of blood urea nitrogen above 30 mg/dl is one symptom of kidney not functioning properly that the doctors want to observe. So, keeping the urea level under limit is badly needed.

2. Creatinine is another waste product which should normally be excreted. The normal measure should be between 0.6 and 1.2 mg/dl. When there is an increase above 1.2, it is a sure indication of kidney function being affected. So, taking serious steps to keep this level under control is insisted.

Kidney failure symptoms and treatment:

Severe back pain is a symptom of kidney failure at start. The incidence of diabetes kidney failure is known as the end stage of renal disease. So, with the symptoms of renal failure, chance of survival becomes very low with routine medication. Either dialysis or a transplant can give better results. Whatever may be the kidney disease treatment you take, change of lifestyle with selected diabetes foods is highly needed to be free from all risks.